Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the soft tissue and supportive bone structure around teeth. Bacterial plaque that has hardened to form tartar can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist, and when it isn't removed regularly, the result is damage to these supportive tissues. The early stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis, and this condition can usually be reversed or significantly improved with minor periodontal therapy options. The more advanced form of gum disease is called periodontitis, and it can be much more damaging to the smile. The most common characteristic of periodontitis is bone loss around your teeth. Your teeth will loosen up and may fall out. Aside from bad breath and bleeding gums, there are very few early warning signals in the early stages of gum disease. It accelerates silently, often without pain, and before you know it, you are losing your teeth, and you don't know why.
Regular dental checkups can detect periodontal disease at even its earliest stages.
Scaling & Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are non-surgical procedures used to treat advanced cases of gingivitis preventing the development of periodontitis, which is the leading cause for tooth loss in adults. Scaling is the removal of the dental tartar from the tooth surface while root planing is the process of smoothing the root surfaces and removing the damaged gum tissues and tooth structures.